Scientifically referred to as hyperpigmentation, age spots (or brown spots) are deposits on skin caused by an overproduction of melanin.
Melanin is what gives color to our hair and skin. Three main causes of hyperpigmentation: UV EXPOSURE: by the time we are sixty, 90% of us will have age spots induced by repeated exposure to UV light. UV rays accelerate the production of melanin in skin. P
OST-INFLAMMATORY HYPERPIGMENTATION (PIH): PIH stems from a melanocyte cells exaggerated response to injury, resulting in an increased or abnormal distribution of melanin in the tissues, causing scaring. MELASMA: also known as a “mask of pregnancy”, Melasma is triggered by an increase in hormones from being pregnant or taking oral contraceptives. Melasma can be worsened by UV exposure.